US Army Corps of Engineers
Huntington District


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LRH 2017-980-LMR

Published April 6, 2018
Expiration date: 4/20/2018

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:  The intent of this Public Notice is to provide an opportunity for the public to express their views on proposed adverse effects to historic properties associated with the Union Village Residential Development Project.


APPLICANT:        Robert Turner

Union Village Development Company

580 Ohio Route 741

 Lebanon, Ohio 45036


LOCATION:  The proposal is located on a 55-acre, partially undeveloped property along OH-741, across from the existing Otterbein Senior Lifestyle facilities, in the City of Lebanon, Turtlecreek Township, Warren County, Ohio (39.443328, -84.277825). A project location map is attached as Enclosure 1.


DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED WORK:  The applicant has requested a Department of the Army permit (DA) authorization for the proposed discharge of dredged and/or fill material into waters of the United States in association with the Union Village Residential Development project.  The proposal would involve the discharge approximately 436 cubic yards of dredged and/or fill material into approximately 0.27 acre of two (2) wetlands (Wetland 1 – 0.04 acre and Wetland 2 – 0.23 acre).  Impacts to the aforementioned wetlands would be required in association with lot development and include grading of the project area to create a suitable development lot for the proposed development activities.  These features are located within the watershed of Little Muddy Creek, a direct tributary to the Little Miami River, a traditional navigable water of the U.S.  All work would be conducted in accordance with the drawings titled Proposed Site Development Plan (Figure 3), prepared by O’Brien & Gere (OBG), and submitted with the Pre-Construction Notification materials.


The United States Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is currently evaluating the proposed activities for authorization under Nationwide Permit (NWP) No. 29.  General Condition #20 of the NWPs states no activity which may affect historic properties eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is authorized until the Corps has complied with the provisions of 33 CFR Part 325 Appendix C.  This condition also states the applicant must notify our office if the proposed activity may affect any historic property listed, determined to be eligible, or which the prospective permittee has reason to believe are eligible for listing on the NRHP.  The Corps is mandated by the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) to ensure no federal undertaking, including a Corps permit action, which may affect historic resources, is commenced before the impacts of such action are considered and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation and the State Historic Preservation Office are provided an opportunity to comment as required by the NHPA, 36 CFR 800, and 33 CFR 325, Appendix C. 


Based on a review of the information provided by the applicant, the proposed project area was historically part of the Center Family of the Union Village Shaker community during the nineteenth century until the early twentieth century.  It was the largest Shaker community west of the Allegheny Mountains.  After the establishment of Union Village, the Shakers used this location as a focal point or outlet to begin other Shaker villages in Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky. The layout of the community was based on King Solomon’s Temple, with the center of the village (or Center Family) as the nucleus.  The Center Family contained the church and the Elders, only the most experienced and devout.  The other Family sites included generally younger and less experienced Shakers and new converts.  The Center Family had communal houses, farm buildings, offices, and buildings of a variety of services.


Most of the Shaker’s buildings in Union Village were built in the early nineteenth century between 1805 and 1836.  Many of the first buildings were constructed from logs and as time progressed and the village’s population grew, larger brick buildings were also constructed.  It was also common for the Shakers to repurpose or take down and reconstruct a frame building in a different location.  The buildings in the Center Family location included the Center Family Great House (later Bethany Hall), the North Home of the Center Family (later a medical laboratory), the Center Frame House (Marble Hall), the Center Brick House, and a dancing platform.  At least seven (7) buildings are illustrated on these atlas maps that may have been located within the proposed project area.


Archaeological work associated with the installation of Ohio Route 741, which transects the proposed development, identified numerous archaeological features and artifacts associated with the Center Family of the Union Village Shaker Community.  Based on coordination with the Ohio State Historic Preservation Office, it was determined the proposed project area is located in the same location as the Center Family Lot and the ground disturbing elements and lot developments of the proposal would have an adverse effect on these historic resources.


At this time, the applicant has not proposed mitigation for the proposed adverse effect.  However, the applicant understands that mitigation would be required for the adverse effect and a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) would be required and made a part of any Department of


the Army authorization of the proposed project.  This Public Notice serves to solicit public input on potential mitigation activities to resolve the adverse effects to the archaeological resources associated with the Center Family of the Union Village Shaker Community within the proposed project area.


PUBLIC INTEREST:  The Corps is soliciting comments from the public, Federal, state and local agencies and officials, Indian Tribes and other interested parties in order to consider and evaluate the proposed adverse effect on historic properties.  Should you wish to express your views on the undertaking’s effects on historic properties, or provide comments, objections or mitigation proposals associated with the proposed undertaking, please forward this information to our office prior to the close of the comment period of this Public Notice. 


CLOSE OF COMMENT PERIOD:  All comments pertaining to this Public Notice must reach this office on or before the close of the comment period listed on page one of this Public Notice.  Persons wishing to submit comments or objections concerning this proposal should write:


                        United States Army Corps of Engineers

                        ATTN: CELRH-RD-N

                        Public Notice No. LRH-2017-980-LMR

                        502 8th Street

                        Huntington, West Virginia 25701-2070


Please note, the names and addresses of those who submit comments in response to this Public Notice become part of our administrative record and, as such, are available to the public under provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.   If you have any questions concerning this public notice, please call Mr. Andrew Wendt at (513) 825-4518, by mail at the above address, or by email at: