US Army Corps of Engineers
Huntington District Website

Disclaimer

The below listed documents may not be readable via Optical Character Recognition. To receive public notices via email, please send an email to LRH.Permits@usace.army.mil indicating that you would like to be placed on the public notice electronic distribution list. Your email should also include the state(s) in which you would like to receive public notices.

LRH 2020-631-BCR

CELRH-RD-E
Published May 19, 2021
Expiration date: 6/17/2021

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:  The following application has been submitted for a Department of the Army (DA) Permit under the provisions of Section 404 of the Clean Water Act for the proposed discharge dredged and/or fill material into waters of the United States (U.S.).

 

APPLICANT:        Jeremy Crist

                            Alpha Met Resources    

                           Post Box Office 69

                          Pax, West Virginia 25904

 

LOCATION:  The proposed project would be located approximately 2.9 miles south of the community of Clear Creek, in Raleigh County, West Virginia at latitude 37°52’29” and longitude -81°11’19”.  The proposed surface mine would be constructed in McGraw Fork, Workman Creek and its unnamed tributaries, Wingrove Branch and its unnamed tributaries, unnamed tributaries of Stover Fork, and palustrine emergent (PEM) wetlands adjacent to Workman Creek.  All of the streams are indirect tributaries of Clear Fork Creek and Marsh Creek, which flows into the Big Coal River, a traditional navigable water of the U.S.  See attached Sheets 1 and 2 for a depiction of the proposed project location.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED WORK:  The applicant has requested a DA permit to discharge dredged and/or fill material into a total of 18,420 linear feet (1.87 acres) of stream channels and 1.79 acres of wetlands as indicated on attached Sheets 3-17 and Table 1 and as described below, in conjunction with the construction, operation and reclamation of the Turkeyfoot Surface Mine.  The activities would include re-mining of existing pre-law contour areas via area, contour, and highwall mining methods.   

Valley Fill No. 1 and Sediment Ponds 1A and 1B:  The construction of Valley Fill No. 1 and its associated durable rock underdrain would result in the permanent discharge of approximately 496 cubic yards of non-toxic, durable rock fill material into 3,809 linear feet (0.623 acre) of McGraws Fork and five (5) intermittent segments of McGraw Fork.  The construction of Sediment Ponds 1A and 1B would proceed prior to the construction of the valley fill, and would be located below a reclaimed refuse area. Water from the toe of Valley Fill 1 would be diverted through an existing diversion ditch associated with the reclaimed refuse area.  There would be no discharges of dredged and/or fill material into waters of the U.S. in conjunction with the diversion ditch and Sediment Pond 1B.  The construction of Sediment Pond 1B would result in the temporary discharge of 61.3 cubic yards of earthen fill into 209 linear feet (0.038 acre) of an intermittent tributary of McGraw Creek to construct the embankment associated with Sediment Pond 1B.  Sediment Pond 1A would be located outside of waters of the U.S. Construction of the valley fill would occur once the ponds have been constructed and certified.

Valley Fill No. 2, Sediment Pond No. 2, and Access Road 2:  The construction of Valley Fill No. 2 and its associated durable rock underdrain would result in the permanent discharge of approximately 489 cubic yards of non-toxic, durable rock fill material into 1,640 linear feet (0.137 acre) of one (1) intermittent segment of Stover Fork and two (2) intermittent tributaries of Stover Fork. The construction of Sediment Pond No. 2, which would be located below the toe of Valley Fill No. 2, would result in the temporary discharge of approximately 856 cubic yards of clean earthen and rock fill material into 845 linear feet (0.147 acre) of one (1) intermittent stream channel and 0.27 acre of PEM wetland (WL-SF3) in conjunction with the construction of the embankment structure for the pond.  The construction of the infrequently used Access Road #2 (IUAR #2) would result in the temporary discharge of 44 cubic yards of durable, non-toxic material and two (2) 36” culverts into 119 linear feet (0.015 acre) of one (1) intermittent tributary of Stover Fork.  Construction of the valley fill would occur once the pond has been constructed and certified.

Valley Fill No. 3, Sediment Pond 3, and Access Road 3 and 3A:  The construction of Valley Fill No. 3 and its associated durable rock underdrain would result in the permanent discharge of approximately 463 cubic yards of non-toxic, durable rock fill material into 3,660 linear feet (0.38 acre) of one (1) perennial segment of the Right Fork of Workman Creek and 1,540 linear feet (0.106 acre) of four (4) intermittent tributaries of the Right Fork of Workman Creek. The construction of Sediment Pond No. 3, which would be located below the toe of Valley Fill No. 3, would result in the temporary discharge of approximately 57 cubic yards of clean earthen and rock fill material into 605 linear feet (0.06 acre) of one (1) perennial segment of the Right Fork of Workman Creek and 18.7 cubic yards of clean earthen and rock fill material into 360 linear feet (0.03 acre) of one (1) intermittent segment of the Right Fork of Workman Creek (NAME).  The construction of the pond would also result in the excavation of 1.52 acres of one (1) PEM wetland. The construction of the infrequently used Access Road #3 (IUAR #3) would consist of two (2) separate road crossings.  The first road crossing would result in the temporary discharge of 1.79 cubic yards of durable, non-toxic material and the installation of one (1) 36” culvert into 70 linear feet (0.003 acre) of one (1) intermittent tributary of the Right Fork of Workman Creek.  The second road crossing would result in the temporary discharge of 3.11 cubic yards of durable, non-toxic material and the installation of one (1) 36” culvert into 70 linear feet (0.004) of one (1) intermittent segment of the Right Fork of Workman Creek. Construction of the valley fill would occur once the pond has been constructed and certified.

Valley Fill No. 4, Sediment Pond 4, and Stream Crossings 1-5 associated with Access Road 4: The construction of Valley Fill No. 4 and its associated durable rock underdrain would result in the permanent discharge of approximately 63 cubic yards of non-toxic, durable rock fill material into 3,797 linear feet (0.19 acre) of an five (5) intermittent tributaries of Wingrove Branch. The construction of Sediment Pond No. 4, which would be located below the toe of Valley Fill No. 4, would result in the temporary discharge of approximately 32 cubic yards of clean earthen and rock fill material into 1,316 linear feet (0.10 acre) of three (3) intermittent tributaries of Wingrove Branch.  The construction of Stream Crossings 1 and 2 would result in the temporary discharge of 96.8 cubic yards of durable, non-toxic material into 140 linear feet (0.03 acre) of one (1) perennial tributary of Wingrove Branch to construct two (2) in-stream drive-through stream crossings. The construction of Stream Crossings 3, 4, and 5 would result in the temporary discharge of approximately 44 cubic yards of durable, non-toxic fill material into 240 linear feet (0.039 acre) of three (3) intermittent tributaries of Wingrove Branch.  Each crossing would affect 80 linear feet of stream channel. Construction of the valley fill would occur once the ponds have been constructed and certified.

For the construction of each valley fill, after the completion of the sediment pond construction, the toe/foundation would be prepared and the areas of the fills would be progressively cleared of vegetation.  The face of the valley fill construction and installation of the terraces would commence at this time.  The face construction and reclamation would occur from the bottom of the fill up with progressive construction of terraces and permanent drainage in dumping increments not to exceed 100 feet.  The outer slope or face of the valley fills would not exceed a vertical slope of 2:1 with terraces constructed at a maximum of 50 feet above the toe of the valley fill.  The bench width of each terrace would be no less than 20 feet wide with a three (3) to five (5) percent slope toward the face of the valley fill and a one (1) percent slope toward the groin ditch.  All materials placed into the valley fills would be durable rock consisting of a minimum of 80% by volume sandstone, limestone, and other rock that does not slake in water.  Non-cemented rock, such as clay, shale, etc., would be mixed with durable rock spoil in such a manner as to limit unit concentrations of non-cemented rock.  All fill material would be generated on-site by drilling and blasting of overburden. As the fills are constructed, topsoil or an approved topsoil substitute would be spread over the completed slope and bench areas and seeded/mulched per the re-vegetation plan included in the approved Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) permit. The re-mining activities at the site would reclaim approximately 394 acres and 85,794 linear feet of un-reclaimed pre-law highwall at the site. 

The purpose of the project is to remove approximately 11.2 million tons of metallurgical coal reserves within the 1086-acre SMCRA permit area.  The proposed surface mine operation would use a combination of area, contour, and highwall mining techniques to recover the coal reserves. The mining plan, inclusive of reclamation, would occur over a period of eight (8) years. The post-mine land use is forestland.  The applicant has applied to the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection (WVDEP) for the required SMCRA permit (S-3014-19).  Plans of the proposal are attached to this notice (Sheets 1-17).  A copy of the application, including all supplemental materials (alternative analysis, compensatory mitigation plan, environmental information documents, etc.), is available for review in the Huntington District Office, by appointment, or via the Freedom of Information Act. 

ALTERNATIVE ANALYSIS:  Approximately 18,420 linear feet (1.87 acres) of stream channels and 1.79 acres of two (2) PEM wetlands are proposed to be permanently and temporarily filled as a result of the mining activities.  No other special aquatic sites would be affected by the discharge of dredged and/or fill material.  No permit will be issued unless the alternatives analysis clearly demonstrates that practicable upland alternatives are not available to achieve the overall project purpose.  The applicant has submitted the required alternative analysis for review. A complete copy of the applicant’s submittal can be reviewed, by appointment, at the above address or a copy may be requested under the Freedom of Information Act.

AVOIDANCE AND MINIMIZATION: In evaluating a project area containing waters of the U.S., consideration must be given to avoiding impacts on these sites. If waters of the U.S. cannot be avoided, then impacts must be minimized.  Approximately 43,481 linear feet of perennial and intermittent stream channels and 2.45 acres of PEM wetlands exist at the site as determined by an Approved Jurisdictional Determination dated December 3, 2020.  The applicant indicated the proposed project cannot be located in an area that would avoid all discharges of dredged and/or fill material into waters of the U.S.  The applicant stated the mine plan and developmental sequence were designed to avoid and minimize the discharge of dredged and/or fill material into waters of the U.S. to the maximum extent practicable, while meeting the stated project purpose.  The proposal would avoid discharges of dredged and/or fill material into 25,061 linear feet (42%) of intermittent and perennial streams and 0.58 acre (76%) of wetlands at the site. The applicant indicated the entire proposed project footprint and adjacent areas have been previously affected by pre-law surface mining.  The total project site, which is 1,086 acres in size includes over 394 acre of un-reclaimed pre-law surface mining, which comprises 37% of the project area. In addition, approximately 85,794 linear feet of un-reclaimed pre-law highwall exists at the site and is producing large sediment loads within the receiving streams. The applicant has utilized the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Universal Soil Loss Equation to estimate the current and post-mining reclaimed sediment yields and has concluded that re-mining and reclaiming the pre-law highwalls and surface area would reduce the annual sediment yield emanating from the site from its current 8,207 tons per year to 5.26 tons per year (after site reclamation and re-vegetation). The applicant has avoided discharges of dredged and/or fill material into undisturbed watersheds at the site and the streams proposed for discharge of fill material have been previously affected by the pre-SMCRA mining activities.  The applicant has designed the proposed valley fills to be over-stacked to increase their storage volume without resulting in additional impacts to waters of the U.S.  Construction of the valley fills would be sequential and proceed from the toe of the fill up, which minimizes the length of time that overburden materials are exposed to runoff and weathering.  A special material handling plan has been developed by the applicant and would assure that all fill material discharged into waters of the U.S. would be managed and monitored pursuant to the required Section 402 National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit (issued by the WVDEP) during all phases of the proposal to ensure water quality standards are met.   Site reclamation would occur contemporaneously and would be sequenced to reduce total land disturbance.  No more than 50% of the permitted acreage or 200 acres, whichever is less, would be disturbed and/or un-reclaimed at anyone (1) time.  At all times, best management practices and guidance from the “Technical Handbook of Standards and Specifications for Mining Operations in West Virginia” would be employed during all phases of the proposed mining and reclamation activities.  After mining and reclamation, the stream segments associated with the sediment pond would be re-established and the area would be returned to a post-mining land use of forestland.

COMPENSATORY MITIGATION PLAN (CMP): The applicant has submitted a CMP to compensate for the unavoidable discharge of fill material into waters of the U.S.  The applicant proposes to establish, re-establish, restore, and preserve approximately 26,633 linear feet of perennial and intermittent stream channels and 4.1 acres of PEM wetlands on and off-site as described below (See attached Sheets 6-15).

On-Site Stream Re-establishment at Sediment Ponds 1-4 and Temporary Access Roads:  Upon completion of the mining, reclamation, and removal of the sediment control structures and culverted road crossings at the site, the applicant would re-establish a total of 4,062 linear feet of nine (9) intermittent stream channels (UNT Workman Branch, SF8R5L, SF8R6L, SF8R,WC-1, WC-2, W-6, W-7, and W-3) at the location of the four (4) sediment ponds and a total of 499 linear feet of intermittent stream channels (SF8R3L, WC-3, WC-4, W-3) and 140 linear feet of perennial stream channels (WC-1) at the locations of the nine (9) access roads.  The hydrology of the re-established stream channels are expected to be the same as the pre-project stream channels and exhibit similar drainage patterns.  The post-project re-establishment channels would also take advantage of the re-graded drainage patterns, slopes, precipitation induced run-off, and pre-project groundwater zones.  A total of 4,701 linear feet of intermittent and perennial stream channels would be re-established on-site. A minimum 100-foot riparian buffer, 50 feet from the top of each bank, would be established along the stream channels.

Workman Creek (WC-1) On-Site Stream Establishment:  Upon completion of mining and reclamation activities at the site, the applicant would establish approximately 2,835 linear feet of perennial stream channel along the eastern perimeter of Valley Fill No. 3.  Currently, at the head of Workman Creek, a perennial seep exists within the Eagle A mine void that was created during pre-SMCRA mining activities.  The seep would be avoided during the surface mining activities to ensure continued flow.  Upon completion of the mining activities, the water from the seep would be directed across the re-grade within a straight stream corridor for approximately 1,400 linear feet above the valley fill, would then flow into the groin ditch along the edge of the valley for approximately 1,100 linear feet, and then into an established channel for approximately 385 linear feet into the re-established section of Workman Creek associated with Sediment Pond No. 3. For the first 1,400 linear feet, starting at the seep, the stream is proposed as a Rosgen B-type stream channel with a four (4) foot bottom width, eight (8) foot bankfull width, and 2:1 side slopes at a 1.5% slope.  For the remaining 1,435 linear feet, the stream is proposed as a Rosgen A-type stream channel with a four (4) foot bottom width, eight (8) foot bankfull width, and 2:1 slopes at a 35% slope. The established streams would have a contributing watershed of 40.9 acres.  The channel would be lined with a 60-mil thick high density polyethylene (HDPE) geo-membrane. The applicant proposes to install pools within the stream channel created through the use of J-hooks. A minimum 100-foot riparian buffer, 50 feet from the top of each bank, would be established along the stream channel.

McGraw Fork East Off-Site Stream Establishment, Restoration, and Preservation:  Upon initiation of the mining activities at the proposed Turkeyfoot Surface Mine, the applicant would establish, restore, and preserve approximately 7,935 linear feet of stream channels at the McGraw East Mitigation Site, which is located northeast of Valley Fill No. 1.  This site currently contains an abandoned refuse fill (McGraws Hollow Refuse Fill - O-0125-83).  The applicant proposes to establish two (2) intermittent stream channels (WH-1 and UNT Workman Creek) totaling 2,447 linear feet, restore seven (7) intermittent stream channels (WH1-1, UNT Workman Creek, , MC-K, MC-L, MC-1, ) totaling 5,158 linear feet, and preserve one (1) intermittent stream channel (WH1-1) totaling 330 linear feet along the eastern side of the refuse fill.

The stream restoration activities, which are proposed for Streams WH1, WH1.1, MC-K, MC-L, MC-I, and McGraw East 2, would include the creation of step-pools, the stabilization of the banks, the removal of non-native vegetation, planting native temporary herbaceous vegetation and permanent woody vegetation to establish a 100-foot riparian buffer, 50-feet from the top of each bank, along each restored stream channel.  Old logging roads, which run parallel to the stream channels, would be vegetated and stabilized to limit further sediment loads into downslope areas.  The stream restoration activities within the channel of McGraw East 2, which is a previously established stream channel that collects water from several tributaries (MC-L, MC-K, MC-J, and MC-I) and takes the flow around the edge of the refuse fill, is to connect the channel of McGraw East 1 to allow continued water flow to Streams WH1.1 and WH1, and into Workman Creek without allowing water flow over or through the refuse fill.  The channel would be restored by the creation of step-pools, the stabilization of the banks, the removal of non-native vegetation, and the planting of native temporary herbaceous vegetation and permanent woody vegetation to establish a 100-foot riparian buffer, 50-feet from the top of each bank, along the restored stream channel.  The upper 300 linear feet of Stream WH1.1 would be preserved.

The stream establishment activities are proposed within the channels of McGraw East 1 and McGraw East 3.  The stream establishment work within the channel of McGraw East 1 would begin at its confluence with Stream WH1.1 (the receiving stream) and would continue for 1,532 linear feet upstream. The stream channel would be established in an area once used to convey water around the refuse fill but is no longer in use.  Water flow from Streams MC-L and MC-J would be diverted into the newly established stream channel.  The channel is proposed as a Rosgen Ba-type channel with a 15 foot bottom width, 25 foot bankfull width, and 2:1 side slopes at a 5.0% slope.  The bed would be dominated by cobble substrate. The stream would have a drainage area of 86 acres. The applicant proposes to install step-pools, bankfull benches, and temporary herbaceous and permanent woody vegetation within the 100-foot riparian buffer, 50 feet from the top of each bank.  The stream establishment work within the channel of McGraw East 3 would begin at the confluence of McGraw East 2 and Stream MC-I and would continue 915 linear feet upstream and would follow the hillslope to an area where another hollow begins. The hollow contains a series of three (3) old ponds connected by an intermittent stream.  Three (3) ponds would be incorporated into the established 915 linear feet of channel within McGraws East 3.  The first upstream 515 linear feet of the established stream channel would have a slope of 19% until it intersects with an old bench and would then have a slope of 6% until its confluence with McGraws East 2.  The upper reach of the channel is proposed as a Rosgen Aa-type channel with a 15-foot bottom width, 21-foot bankfull width, and 2:1 side slopes.  The lower reach 400 linear feet of the channel is proposed as a Rosgen A-type channel with 15- foot bottom width, 24 foot bankfull width, and 2:1 side slopes. The channels would be lined with a 60-mil HDPE geo-membrane. The bed would be dominated by cobble substrate.  The streams would have a combined drainage area of 72 acres.

McGraw Fork West Off-Site Stream Establishment and Restoration:  Upon completion of the mining and reclamation activities at the Turkeyfoot Surface Mine, the applicant would establish and restore approximately 3,950 linear feet of stream channel at the McGraw West Mitigation Site, which is located on the western side the McGraws Hollow Refuse Fill and below the toe of Valley Fill No. 1.  The applicant proposes to establish two (2) intermittent stream channels (McGraws Fork and UNT McGraws Fork totaling 3,009 linear feet and restore two (2) intermittent stream channels (MC-g and MC-H totaling 941 linear feet along the western side of the refuse fill.

The stream restoration activities, which are proposed for Streams MC-G and MC-H, would include the creation of step-pools, the stabilization of the banks, the removal of non-native vegetation, and the planting of native temporary herbaceous vegetation and permanent woody vegetation to establish a 200-foot riparian buffer, 100-feet from the top of each bank, along each restored stream channel. Old logging roads, which run parallel to the stream channels, would be vegetated and stabilized to limit further sediment loads into downslope areas. 

The stream establishment activities are proposed within the channels McGraw West 1 and McGraw West 2.  The stream establishment work within the channel of McGraw West 1 would begin at the toe of Valley Fill No. 1 and would continue for 1,959 linear feet downstream to its confluence with Workman Creek.  The initial 1,100 linear feet of stream channel is proposed as Rosgen B-type channel with a slope of less than 1% and the remaining 859 linear feet is proposed a Rosgen A or B-type channel with a slope of nearly 20%.  The channel would have a with a 25-foot bottom width, thirty-four (34) foot bankfull width, and 2:1 side slopes.  The channel would be lined with a 60-mil HDPE geo-membrane.  The streambed would be dominated by boulder and cobble substrate. The applicant proposes to install step-pools, bankfull benches, and temporary herbaceous and permanent woody vegetation within the 100-foot riparian buffer, 50 feet from the top of each bank.  The stream would have a drainage area of 107 acres. The stream establishment work within the channel of McGraw West 2 would begin just below the confluence of the established McGraw East 2 and McGraw East 1 channels and flow 1,050 linear feet west to the McGraw West 1 established channel.  The drainage area at the beginning of the established McGraw West 2 channel would be less than one (1) acre; however, it would receive overland flow and drainage off the surface of the refuse fill.  The channel is proposed as a Rosgen B-type channel with a slope of 2.8%, a 25-foot bottom width, 30 foot bankfull width, and 2:1 side slopes. The channel would be lined with a 60-mil HDPE geo-membrane. The streambed would be dominated by cobble and gravel substrate.  The established stream channel would have a 100-foot riparian buffer, 50-feet from the top of each bank. The stream would have a drainage area of 12.7 acres.

Stover Fork Off-Site Stream Establishment and Restoration: Within the construction season following initiation of the proposed discharges of dredged and/or fill material into waters of the U.S. at the site,  the applicant would establish and restore approximately 6,742 linear feet of stream channel at the Lower Right Fork Stover Fork Mitigation Site, which is located southeast of Valley Fill No. 1. 

The stream restoration activities are proposed along 5,834 linear feet of an unnamed tributaries of Stover Fork (SF2R-Lower, SF2R-Upper, SF2R-A, SF2R-B, SF2R-C, SF2R-D, SF2R-3R, and SF2R-4R). The restoration activities would commence on the main stem of the unnamed tributary of Stover Fork approximately 1,000 linear feet upstream of its confluence with Stover Fork and would restore 2,925 linear feet of the main channel and 2,889 linear feet of tributaries to the Stover Fork.  Through this reach, an access road runs along the right descending bank of the main stem and then crosses the stream near station 25+00 (from the confluence with Stover Fork) and continues up along the left descending bank.  The stream flows through three (3) separate washed-out pond areas which were created during pre-SMCRA mining activities.  The stream restoration activities would include the removal of the washed out pond areas and in-stream road crossings as well as the creation of new stream dimensions to provide both pool and riffle habitats as well as to provide access to the floodplain, especially in the lower reach of the main stem.  The restoration activities would also include the creation of step-pools, the stabilization of the banks, the removal of non-native vegetation, and the planting of native temporary herbaceous vegetation and permanent woody vegetation to establish a 100-foot riparian buffer, 50-feet from the top of each bank, along the  restored stream channel.  The stream would have a slope of 10% and a drainage area of approximately 200 acres.

The stream establishment activities are proposed to establish 906 linear feet of four (5) intermittent channels (SF2R-A, SR2R-B, SF2R-C, SF2R-D, SR2R-4R) to allow the re-connection of more than 2,100 linear feet of currently disconnected stream channel back to an unnamed tributary of Stover Fork. These small intermittent streams were disconnected by logging roads in the area.  Each established stream channel would be designed as a Rosgen A-type channels.  The channel bottom widths would be one (1) feet while the bankfull widths would be six (6) feet.  The established channels would have 2:1 side slopes. The channels would be lined with a 60-mil HDPE geo-membrane. The streambeds would be dominated by boulder and cobble substrate. The applicant proposes to install step-pools, bankfull benches, and temporary herbaceous and permanent woody vegetation within the 100-foot riparian buffer, 50 feet from the top of each bank.  The streams would have an average slope of five (5) percent and a drainage area of 184 acres.

All of the stream established and restored stream channels associated with this proposed CMP have been designed and would be constructed utilizing natural stream design techniques to ensure proper entrenchment ratios, pool to pool spacing, width to depth ratios, substrate sizing, and adequate riparian species to established stable step-pool systems found naturally thought the affected watersheds.  The stream channels would include a primary channel within a larger, secondary flood-prone channel based on regional hydrology curves to ensure that the streams would pass normal and expected high flows.  All of the riparian buffers would include native, non-invasive tree, shrub, and herbaceous species commonly found with the State of West Virginia.

Off-Site Wetland Establishment:  To offset the loss of 1.79 acres of two (2) PEM wetlands associated with the construction of Sediment Ponds No. 2 and No. 3, the applicant proposes to establish 4.1 acres of PEM wetlands off-site along the bank of the mainstem of Stover Fork.  The wetland establishment activities would occur during the construction season following initiation of the proposed discharges of dredged and/or fill material into waters of the U.S. at the site.  The wetlands, which would consist of four (4) separate wetland cells, would be constructed within the floodplain of Stover Fork, a perennial stream channel.  An intermittent tributary of Stover Fork (SF1LA) is also within the floodplain area.  Stover Fork flows along the western and northern perimeter of the proposed wetland cells while the unnamed tributary enters the floodplain form the southeast. The construction of the cells would include grading the area to create slightly depressed areas to contain the wetland cells.  Micro-topography would be incorporated into each cell to create areas of differing elevations to allow for both saturated and inundated conditions.  Embankments would be constructed along the northern perimeter of the wetland cells and would be one (1) foot high.  Six (6) inches of compacted clay soils would line the wetland cells.  The inlet/outlet structures would be constructed within the embankment structures at an elevation of six (6) inches below the top of the embankment along the norther perimeter of each of the cells.  The most northern wetland cell would connect to Stover Creek along the northern perimeter of the wetland establishment site.   The outlets are designed to discharge from wetland to wetland.  When Stover Creek is above normal flow levels, it would overflow into the wetland cells.  It is anticipated that the wetlands would have a minimum of six (6) inches of inundation up to one (1) foot of inundation during overflow periods.  The wetland planting schematic would be separated into deep water areas and shallow areas.  The deep-water areas would be planted with plugs or rhizomes at least two (2) of the following species: pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata), arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia), bulrush (Scripus validus), and burred (Spaganium eurycarpum).  The shallow water areas and saturated areas would be planted with one (1) or more of the following Ernst seed mixes: FACW Wetland Meadow Mix, Seasonally Flooded Wildlife Food Mix, Specialized Wetland Mix for Shaded OBL-FACW Areas, and/or Eastern West Virginia FACW Wetland Mix. The wetland hydrology would be driven by a combination of overflow from Stover Fork, Stream SF1LA, and precipitation.  The wetland would be classified as PEM.

All of the mitigation stream channels would be constructed utilizing natural stream channel design techniques, substrate restoration, in-stream habitat structures, bank stabilization, and the establishment of a vegetated riparian buffer zone. Long-term site protection would be provided for all of the mitigation stream channels and wetland. The applicant’s compensatory mitigation plan includes a 10-year monitoring and adaptive management plan, including success performance standards, to assess the success of the mitigation sites using geomorphic, biological, and habitat assessment tools.

To calculate an appropriate amount of mitigation to compensate for the loss of waters of the U.S. associated with the proposed project, the applicant used the Corps’ West Virginia Stream and Wetland Valuation Metric (SWVM, Version 2.1).  The SWVM compares baseline data with anticipated or actual post-mitigation data to calculate impact debits and mitigation credits.  The impact debits for the proposed surface mine total 13,860.91.   The applicant’s proposed on and off-site stream and wetland mitigation work is predicted to produce 17,576.34 stream mitigation credits. The applicant’s CMP is currently under review and is available for public review.  The proposed CMP is open to comment and is subject to change based on comments received.  After review of all the submitted information the Corps will make a determination of appropriate mitigation, in the event a decision is made to issue a permit. 

WATER QUALITY CERTIFICATION: The applicant must obtain a Section 401 Water Quality Certification (WQC) from the WVDEP assuring that applicable laws and regulations pertaining to water quality are not violated.  A DA permit, if otherwise warranted, would not be issued for this project until the Section 401 WQC has been issued or waived and the 401(a)(2) process as described in the “Clean Water Act Section 401 Certification Rule” (Rule, 85 Federal Register 42,210 [July 13, 2020]) has been completed.  The applicant has submitted the required Section 401 WQC application to the WVDEP and in an email dated March 12, 2021, the WVDEP indicated the complete Section 401 WQC application is currently under evaluation.   

HISTORIC AND CULTURAL RESOURCES:  The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) has been consulted and it has been determined there are no properties currently listed on the NRHP that would be indirectly or directly affected by the proposed work.  In a letter dated April  17, 2015 to the WVDEP regarding this proposal, the West Virginia Division of Culture and History (WVDCH) indicated that 69 architectural structures older than 50 years old have been identified within a one-mile study area. The WVDCH stated that none of the structures were listed or are eligible for the NRHP.  The WVDCH further stated they reviewed an abbreviated technical report prepared by Apogee Environmental & Archeological, Inc., (Apogee) and did not identify any archaeological or cultural resources.  The WVDCH concluded the no historic or archaeological resources would be affected by the proposed project and no further consultation would be necessary with their office with respect to historic resources. Apogee also provided information regarding cemetery resources within the project area.  The report identified six (6) cemeteries in the project area and one (1) cemetery outside of the project area.  The WVDCH determined that the six (6) cemeteries in the project area are no listed on or eligible for the NRHP and that the cemetery located outside of the project area is located too far from the proposes surface mine to be adversely impacted directly or indirectly by the proposed mining activities.  The WVDCH concluded no further consultation with their office is necessary regarding these resources.  The WVDCH stated no further consultation regarding historic or archaeological resources is required for the proposal. This Public Notice serves as coordination with the WVDCH, pursuant to Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966.  No DA permit will be issued until all obligations under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 have been fulfilled. 

ENDANGERED/THREATENED SPECIES:  The proposal lies within the range of the endangered gray bat (Myotis gresescens), the endangered Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis), and the threatened northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis).  The site is located within a known hibernaculum buffer of the Indiana bat; therefore, the applicant prepared a Protection and Enhancement Plan (PEP) for the federally listed Indiana bat and threatened northern long eared bat. The applicant followed the “Range-wide Indiana bat Protection and Enhancement Plan Guidelines for Surface Coal Mining Operations” (Guidelines). The applicant submitted the PEP to the WVDEP for their review and comment in March 2020.  The WVDEP stated that the PEP includes non-discretionary Reasonable and Prudent Measures to avoid and minimize impacts in the Indiana bat and the northern long-eared bat.  The WVDEP stated winter clearing in the SMCRA permit area must only be conducted between November 15 to March 31.  Since the applicant has chosen to adhere to the timber clearing restrictions, the WVDEP determined the PEP fulfills all requirements, including the Guidelines and the Key 4(d) Rule, necessary to protect threatened and endangered species.  This Public Notice serves as coordination with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  concerning any information they may have on whether any listed or proposed to be listed endangered or threatened species may be present in the area which would be affected by the activity, pursuant to Section 7(c) of the Endangered Species Act of 1972 (as amended).  No DA permit will be issued until the Corps has verified that all obligations under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act have been fulfilled. 

PUBLIC INTEREST REVIEW AND CUMULATIVE EFFECTS:  This application will be reviewed in accordance with 33 CFR 320 332, the Regulatory Program of the Corps, and other pertinent laws, regulations, and executive orders.  Our evaluation will also follow guidelines published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 404(b)(1) of the Clean Water Act (40 CFR 230). The decision whether to issue a permit will be based on an evaluation of the probable impacts, including cumulative impacts, of the proposed activity on the public interest.  That decision will reflect the national concern for both protection and utilization of important resources.  The benefits that reasonably may be expected to accrue from the proposal must be balanced against its reasonably foreseeable detriments.  All factors that may be relevant to the proposal will be considered including the cumulative effects thereof; of those are conservation, economics, aesthetics, general environmental concerns, wetlands, historic properties, fish and wildlife values, flood hazards, floodplain values, land use, navigation, shoreline erosion and accretion, recreation, water supply and conservation, water quality, energy needs, safety, food and fiber production, mineral needs, considerations of property ownership and, in general, the needs and welfare of the people. 

SOLICITATION OF COMMENTS:  The Corps is soliciting comments from the public, federal, state, and local agencies and officials, Indian Tribes, and other interested parties in order to consider and evaluate the impacts of this proposed activity.  For accuracy and completeness of the administrative record, all data in support of or in opposition to the proposed work should be submitted in writing setting forth sufficient detail to furnish a clear understanding of the reasons for support or opposition. Any person may request, in writing, within the comment period specified in the notice, that a public hearing be held to consider the application. Requests for public hearings shall state, with particularity, the reasons for holding a public hearing. Any comments received will be considered by the Corps to determine whether to issue, modify, condition or deny a permit for this proposal.  To make this decision, comments are used to assess impacts on endangered species, historic properties, water quality, general environmental effects, and the other public interest factors listed above.  Comments are used in the preparation of an Environmental Assessment and/or an Environmental Impact Statement pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act.  Comments are also used to determine the need for a public hearing and to determine the overall public interest of the proposed activity.  Written statements on these factors received in this office on or before the expiration date of this Public Notice will become a part of the record and will be considered in the final determination.  A permit will be granted unless its issuance is found to be contrary to the public interest.

CLOSE OF COMMENT PERIOD:   Comments and should be submitted electronically to Kimberly Courts-Brown by email at Kimberly.d.courtsbrown@usace.army.mil.  If you do not have internet access, comments may be submitted through the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) to the following address:

 

U. S. Army Corps of Engineers

ATTN: CELRH-RD-E Public Notice: LRH-2020-631-BCR

502 Eighth Street

Huntington, West Virginia 25701-2070

 

Copies should only be provided through the USPS when electronic submission is not possible.  Precautionary internal mail handling procedures may be instituted to protect our workforce, which may result in longer than normal times to process and receive hard copy submissions.  To be considered in our evaluation, comments submitted through the USPS should have a postmark date on, or prior to, the close of the comment period listed on page one (1) of this Public Notice.  Please note, the names and addresses of those who submit comments in response to this Public Notice become part of our administrative record and, as such, may be available to the pubic under provisions of the Freedom of Information Act.  If you have any questions concerning this Public Notice, please contact Kimberly Courts-Brown of the Energy Resource Branch at (304) 399-6906.

                             

Table 1 – Proposed Discharges of Dredged and/or Fill Material

Turkeyfoot Surface Mine (S-3014-19)

LRH-2020-631-BCR

Mining Activity

Name of Water of U.S.

Flow Regime

Length/Acreage

Volume of Discharge

Duration of Impact

Valley Fill No. 1

UNT McGraws Fork (MC-A)

Intermittent

657 lf

0.09 acre

90.3 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No.1

UNT McGraws Fork (MC-B)

Intermittent

667 lf

0.09 acre

49.4 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 1

UNT McGraws Fork (MC-C)

Intermittent

467 lf

0.03 acre

21.6 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 1

McGraws Fork

(MC-D)

Intermittent

1,618 lf

0.38 acre

300 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 1

UNT McGraws Fork

(MC-E)

Intermittent

300 lf

0.02 acre

32.1 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 1

UNT McGraws Fork (MC-F)

Intermittent

100 lf

0.005 acre

5.9 cy

Permanent

Sediment Pond No. 1B

UNT Workman Branch (below existing NPDES Outlet 002)

Intermittent

209 lf

0.04 acre

61.3 cy

Temporary

Permanent Impacts

Temporary Impacts

3,809 lf (0.62 acre)

209 lf (0.04)

499 cy

61.3 cy

 

Valley Fill No. 2

UNT Stover Fork (SFR6L1R1R)

Intermittent

240 lf

0.23 acre

71.1 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 2

UNT Stover Fork

(SF8R6L1R)

Intermittent

1,072 lf

0.11 acre

254 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 2

Stover Fork

(SF8R6L)

Intermittent

328 lf

0.003 acre

164 cy

Permanent

Sediment Pond No. 2

UNT Stover Fork

(SF8R5L)

Intermittent

103 lf

0.02 acre

8.0 cy

Temporary

Sediment Pond No. 2

Stover Fork

(SF8R6L)

Intermittent

272 lf

0.03 acre

151.1 cy

Temporary

Sediment Pond No. 2

UNT Stover Fork

(SF8R)

Intermittent

470 lf

0.097 acre

297 cy

Temporary

Sediment Pond No. 2

WL-SF3

PEM

0.27 acres

400 cy

Temporary

IUAR #2

UNT Stover Fork

(SF8R3L)

Intermittent

119 lf

0.015 acre

44.4 cy

2-36” culverts

Temporary

Permanent Impacts

Temporary Impacts

1,640 lf (0.34 acre)

964 lf (0.16 acre)

0.27 acre wetland

 

489 cy

901 cy

 

Valley Fill No. 3

Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1)

Perennial

3,660 lf

0.38 acre

371 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 3

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1.1)

Intermittent

322 lf

0.03 acre

34.2 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 3

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1.5)

Intermittent

423 lf

0.01 acre

0.78 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 3

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1.4)

Intermittent

235 lf

0.01 acre

6.39 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 3

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1.2)

Intermittent

560 lf

0.05 acre

51 cy

Permanent

Sediment Pond No. 3

Wetland 1

PEM

1.52 acres

Removal by excavation[STDCUC(1] 

Permanent

Sediment Pond No. 3

Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1)

Perennial

605 lf

0.06 acre

38.6 cy

Temporary

Sediment Pond No. 3

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-2)

Intermittent

360 lf

0.03 acre

18.47 cy

Temporary

IUAR #3

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-3)

Intermittent

70 lf

0.003 acre

1.79 cy

1-36” CMP

Temporary

IUAR #3

(crossing 2)

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-4)

Intermittent

70 lf

0.004 acre

3.11 cy

1-36” CMP

Temporary

Permanent Impacts

 

 

Temporary Impacts

5,200 lf (0.75 acre)

1.52 acres wetland

 

1,105 lf (0.10 acre)

463 cy

44 cy

 

62 cy

 

Valley Fill No. 4

Wingrove Branch

(WC-1)

Intermittent

1,680 lf

0.06 acre

29.87 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-3.1)

Intermittent

605 lf

0.017 acre

8.4 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-4)

Intermittent

887 lf

0.06 acre

13.18 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No. 4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-5)

Intermittent

400 lf

0.037 acre

2.96 cy

Permanent

Valley Fill No.4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-5.1)

Intermittent

225 lf

0.013 acre

8.5 cy

Permanent

Sediment Pond No. 4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-6)

Intermittent

185 lf

0.01 acre

4.79 cy

Temporary

Sediment Pond No. 4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-7)

Intermittent

237 lf

0.007 acre

6.58 cy

Temporary

Sediment Pond No. 4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-3)

Intermittent

894 lf

0.053 acre

20.4 cy

Temporary

IUAR #4

UNT Wingrove Branch

(W-3)

Intermittent

240 lf

0.039 acre

43.56 cy

9-48” CMP

Temporary

 2 Drive-through

Crossings

Wingrove Branch

(WC-1)

Perennial

140 lf

0.03 acre

96.8 cy

Temporary

Permanent Impacts

Temporary Impacts

3,797 lf (0.19 acre)

1,696 lf (0.14 acre)

 

63 cy

172 cy

 

Total Permanent Perennial Discharges

 

 

Total Permanent Intermittent Discharges

 

 

Total Permanent Wetland Discharges[STDCUC(2] 

3,660 lf

(0.38 acre)

 

10,786 lf

(1.52 acres)

 

1.52 acres wetland

371 cy

 

 

1,514 cy

 

 

 

Total Temporary Perennial Discharges

 

 

Total Temporary Intermittent Discharges

 

 

Total Temporary Wetland Discharges[STDCUC(3] 

140 lf

(0.03 acre)

 

3,834 lf

(0.38 acre)

 

0.27 acre wetland

367 cy

 

 

418 cy

 

Total Discharges of Dredged and/or Fill Material into Waters of the U.S.

18,420 lf

(2.31 acres)

1.79 acres wetland

2,670 cy

 

                    

Table 2 –

Turkeyfoot Surface Mine (S-3014-19)

LRH-2020-631-BCR

Overall Mitigation Proposal

Mitigation Type

Stream Length and Wetland Acreage

WV SWVM 2.1 Credits

 

 

 

McGraws Hollow Watershed On-Site Re-Establishment                       

209 lf

49.11

Workman Creek Watershed

On-Site Re-Establishment

1,855 lf

1,459.53

Stover Fork Watershed On-Site Re-Establishment

1,411 lf

1,002.00

Wingrove Branch On-Site Re-Establishment

1,696 lf

1,267.64

Workman Creek (WC-1) On-Site Establishment

2,835 lf

2,027.80

TOTAL

On-Site Stream Re-Establishment & Establishment

8,006 lf

5,806.08

McGraw East Off-Site Establishment/Restoration/Preservation

7,935 lf

5,096.87

McGraw West Off-Site Establishment and Restoration

3,950 lf

2381.40

Stover Fork (SF2R) Watershed Off-Site Stream Establishment and Restoration

6,742 lf

4,291.99

Stover Fork Watershed Off-Site Wetland Establishment

4.1 acres

 

TOTAL

Off-Site Establishment/Restoration/Preservation

18,627 lf

11,770.26

TOTAL MITIGATION

26,633 lf

17,576.34 credits

 

 

 

Table 3 –

Turkeyfoot Surface Mine (S-3014-19)

LRH-2020-631-BCR

Overall Mitigation Proposal

 

Overall Discharges

Mitigation Sites

Re-established

Restored

Established

Preservation

Linear Feet (streams)

18,420 lf

5,171 lf

11,933 lf

9,199 lf

330 lf

Acres (wetlands)

1.79 acres

--

--

4.1 acres

--

RBP-HAV

93.7

94

133

117

144

WVSCI

70.9

66

75

73

--

HGM Index

0.77

--

0.85

0.89

0.93

SWVM Index

0.68

0.59

0.82

0.75

0.89

Total Stream Mitigation

26,633 lf of intermittent and perennial streams

4.1 acres of PEM wetland

 

 

Table 4 – Proposed On-Site Compensatory Mitigation

Turkeyfoot Surface Mine (S-3014-19)

LRH-2020-631-BCR

Mitigation Site

Stream Length

Predicted Flow Regime

Riparian Buffer Width

Mitigation Type

Workman Creek at Pond No. 1B

209 lf

 

Intermittent

 

 

100 lf - 50 lf top of each bank

Post-Project On-site Stream Re-establishment

UNT Stover Fork (SF8R5L)

Pond No. 2

550 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-establishment

UNT Stover Fork (SF8R)

Pond No. 2

272 lf

Intermittent

Post Project On-Site Stream Re-Establishment

WL-SF3

Pond No. 2

See off-site wetland mitigation proposal

--

 

--

UNT Stover Fork

(SF8R3L)

IUAR#2 Road Crossing

119 lf

Perennial

100 lf - 50 lf top of each bank

Post Project On-Site Stream Re-Establishment

Right Fork Workman Creek (WC-1)

Pond No. 3

955 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-Establishment

Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1.1)

Pond No. 3

400 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek (WC-2)

Pond No. 3

360 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-Establishment

Wetland 1

Pond No. 2

See off-site wetland mitigation proposal

--

--

UNT Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-3&4)

IUAR #3

140 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-establishment

Right Fork Workman Creek

(WC-1)

2,835 lf

Perennial

Post-Project On-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Wingrove Branch (W-7)

Pond No. 4

237 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-establishment

UNT Wingrove Branch (W-3)_

Pond No. 4

894 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-Establishment

UNT Wingrove Branch (W-6)

Pond No. 4

185 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-establishment

UNT Wingrove Branch (W-3)

IUAR #4

240 lf

Intermittent

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-establishment

Wingrove Branch

(WC-1)

2 drive-through crossings

140 lf

Perennial

Post-Project On-Site Stream Re-establishment

Total Proposed On-Site Stream Mitigation

3,235 lf of stream establishment

4,771 lf of stream re-establishment

TOTAL

8,006 lf of on-site mitigation stream channels

18.4 acres of forested riparian buffer

 

 

 

Table 5 – Proposed Off -Site Compensatory Mitigation

Turkeyfoot Surface Mine (S-3014-19)

LRH-2020-631-BCR

Mitigation Site

Stream Length

Predicted Flow Regime

Riparian Buffer Width

Mitigation Type

McGraws East Mitigation Area

UNT Workman Creek (WH-1)

876 lf

 

Intermittent

 

 

100 lf - 50 lf top of each bank

 

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Workman Creek (WH1-1)WWhStover

1250 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Workman Creek (WH1-1)

330 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Preservation

UNT Workman Creek (McGraw East 1)

1532 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Workman Creek (McGraw East 2)

1164 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Workman Creek (MC-K)

595 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Workman Creek (MC-L)

123 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Workman Creek (MC-J)

650 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Workman Creek (MC-I)

500 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Workman Creek

(McGraw East 3)

915 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

McGraw’s West Mitigation Area

 

McGraw’s Fork

(McGraw West 1)

1959 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT McGraw’s Fork (McGraw West 2)

1050 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT McGraw’s Fork (MC-G)

595 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT McGraw’s Fork (MC-H)

345 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

Stover Fork SF2R Mitigation Area

 

UNT Stover Fork (SF2R-Lower)

1296 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork (SF2R-Upper)

1650 lf

Intermittent

 

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-A)

780 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork (SF2R-A)

150 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-B)

540 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-B)

141 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-C)

315 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-C)

275 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-D)

489 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-D)

142 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Establishment

UNT Stover Fork

(SF2R-3R)

440 lf

Intermittent

Off-site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover For

(SF2R-4R)

325 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream Restoration

UNT Stover Fork

(SR2R-4R)

 

200 lf

Intermittent

Off-Site Stream

Establishment

Stover Creek Wetlands

4.1 acres

PEM

 

Off-Site Wetland Establishment

Total Proposed Off-Site Stream Mitigation

 

7,240 lf of stream establishment

11,933 lf of stream restoration

330 lf of stream preservation

4.1 acres of wetland creation

 

TOTAL

19,503 lf of stream channels

44.8 acres of forested riparian buffer

4.1 acres of PEM wetland